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Blog, The Other View

Creation of new provinces in Pakistan

While surfing through facebook, I found this interesting write-up by Ayub Khattak where he proposes to divide Pakistan into 18 administrative units or provinces. I am not aware of any other concrete proposal but this one looks an interesting starting point. I copy his original article here for those who don’t use facebook:

Creation of New Provinces
Proposed by Mohammed Ayub Khan Khattak

The administrative map of Pakistan has undergone various changes since 1947. In an effort to improve governance, we are geared towards continuous improvements to the system, the administrative units and provinces of Pakistan.

Over the years these administrative units and provinces have increased and decreased in reaction to internal and external demands and requirements. In 1947 Pakistan had 4 provinces and 14 divisions; there were 4 divisions in East Pakistan and 10 in West Pakistan’s 3 provinces.

In 1955 the princely state of Bahawalpur became a division of the Punjab; Baluchistan got a new division by combining the princely states to form Kalat Division while the area under the Chief Commissioner became Quetta division. A major part of Sind formed Hyderabad division while the capital area along with a small part of previous Hyderabad division and the princely state of Khairpur formed Khairpur division.

In 1960 the 3 provinces of Western Pakistan were merged into one unit and named West Pakistan Province. In 1961 Karachi was merged with the princely state of Lasbela to form Karachi-Bela division.

In 1969 the princely states of Chitral, Swat and Dir were merged into Pakistan and along with Malakand formed Malakand division.

In 1970 Gen Yahya dissolved one unit and reverted to the previous 3 provinces and created the Baluchistan Province giving West Pakistan 4 provinces. During the 70’s divisions were created by carving out areas from various other divisions to create new divisions, such as Gujranwalla division from Lahore and Rawalpindi Divisions. In NWFP, Hazara and Kohat were carved out of Peshawar division.

This background proves that provinces changed from 4 to 2 then 5 in 1970. After the fall of East Pakistan we were left with 4 provinces and today with the addition of Gilgit-Baltistan provinces we once again have 5 provinces.

Over time, divisions and districts have become smaller. This makes for efficient administration. Smaller units also makes it easier for citizens to contact their district and division headquarters ensuring that their problems are taken care of locally without wasting time and money by traveling long distances. The same argument holds good for reducing the size of provinces as it will improve administration while putting an end to the hegemony of one or the other province in terms of economics, agriculture etc.

Splitting the provinces into more compact, efficient and effective units will also have the added benefit of reducing the importance of Provincial/Nationalistic parties that interfere in the cohesion of the country as one Nation. Provincial slogans will be replaced by national slogans and everyone will be a Pakistani instead of Pashtun, Punjabi, Sindhi or Baluch.

Politicians who are afraid of losing their importance and of their provincial sloganeering becoming irrelevant will object to the increase in number and reduction in size of all the provinces. Slogans such as ‘’Greater Baluchistan’’, “ Jaiy Sindh”, “Pashtunistan” and ‘’ jag Punjabi jag teri pug nu laga dagh’’ will lose their charm and power to disintegrate the country into racial blocks. It is unfortunate that Pakistani’s see themselves as racial entities, as Pashtun, Punjabi, Sindhi and Baluch rather than ‘Pakistani’ with no racial and provincial overtones. Most unfortunate but true!

It has been long overdue settling the tribal areas. They will become a part of the provinces that they are the closest to and convenient to get to the provincial headquarters. The settling of the tribal areas is the demand of the majority of the tribesmen. This will be the opportunity we must not miss of settling them.

Each province will be autonomus and the Federal Government should retain no more than 7 ministries along with the Prime Minister under a Parliamentary Government.

The federal government should be in charge of:-
1. Finances & Currency
2. Foreign affairs
3. Defense
4. Wapda
5. Oil, Gas & Alternate Energy
6. Interior
7. Inter provincial co- ordination & Inter provincial communication

Provinces should control all other departments of the Government. Each province would have a minimum of 7 and a maximum of 8 ministers & a Chief Minister. The basic departments would be:-

1. Health
2. Education
3. Agriculture, Irrigation & Forests
4. Industries & Mineral Resource Development
5. Home
6. Local Government & Development
7. Inter Provincial Coordination & Communications

All other departments would be given as additional charge to these 8 ministers.

Constituency Delimitation

Constituencies for the Provincial Assemblies should be of 60000 to 100000 voters in the areas comprising present day Khyber PashtunKhwa, Baluchistan and Sindh, while in the areas comprising present day punjab Punjab it should be 100000 to 125000 voters. The strength of each provincial assembly should be between 50 and 100 MPA’s. ( The exact number of voters would be decided after getting the latest census figures so that the assemblies do not have more than 100 Members in the provincial assemblies.

The constituencies for elections to the National Assembly should be the same as at present. The reserved seats should be done away with. Women & minorities should come into parliament by getting elected in a general election. The developed countries gave the right of vote to women, in most countries, in the 20th century and gave them the right to contest elections at a later stage. The democracy we are following never had reserved seats.

The Senate would comprise of 6 members elected by each provincial Assembly while the technocrat seats should be done away with. Political parties should get their technocrats elected on the general seats. Thus making the senate a body of 114 members.

My idea is open for discussion and there is an intention of holding seminars in the headquarters of each of the proposed provinces. There we might reach a solution to make Pakistan stronger, reduce if not do away with corruption and improve the lot of the people of this great country called Pakistan. This topic of creating new provinces will definately be the decider for people to get elected in the next elections. The next elections will be a referendum for new provinces Insha Allah.
Below are given details of the 18 provinces that are proposed with area it will cover and the population as per the 1998 census.

The dye is cast, hopefully we decide in the best interest of PAKISTAN.

Khyber Pashtun Khwa to be divided into:

Province A
Name of district area sq km Population
Peshawar 1,257 2,019,118
Nowshera 1,748 874,373
Charsadda 996 1,022,364
Mardan 1,632 1,460,100
Swabi
1,543 1,026,804
Khyber Agency
2,576 546,730
Mohmand Agency
2,296 334,453
12,048 7,283,942

Province B
Name of district area sq km Population
Karak
3,372 430,796
Kohat
2,545 562,644
Bannu
1,227 675,667
Dera Ismail Khan
7,326 852,995
Hangu
1,097 314,529
Tank
1,679 238,216
Lakki Marwat
3,164 490,025
Kurram Agency
3,380 448,310
N.Waziristan Agency
4,707 361,246
Orakzai Agency
1,538 225,441
S.Waziristan Agency
6,620 429,841
36,655 5,029,710

Province C
Name of district area sq.km. Population
Bajaur Agency
1,290 595,227
Buner
1,865 506,048
Malakand 952 452,291
Chitral
14,850 318,689
Lower Dir 1,582 717,649
Upper Dir
3,699 575,858
Swat
5,337 1,257,602
Shangla
1,586 434,563
31,161 4,857,927

Province D
Name of district area sq km Population
Abbottabad
1,967 880,666
Batagram
1,301 307,278
Haripur
1,725 692,228
Kohistan
7,492 472,570
Mansehra
4,579 1,152,839
17,064 3,505,581

Punjab is proposed to be divided into:

Province E
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998
4 Bhakkar 8,153 1,051,456
10 Gujrat 3,192 2,048,008
1 Attock 6,857 1,274,935
5 Chakwal 6,524 1,083,725
30 Rawalpindi 5,286 3,363,911
13 Jhelum 3,587 936,957
21 Mianwali 5,840 1,056,620
39,439 10,815,612

Province F
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998
33 Sheikhupura 5,960 3,321,029
34 Sialkot 3,016 2,723,481
24 Narowal 2,337 1,265,097
9 Gujranwala 3,622 3,400,940
14,935 10,710,547

Province G
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998
17 Lahore 1,772 6,318,745
14 Kasur 3,995 2,375,875
25 Nankana Sahib 2,960 1,410,000
8,727 10,104,620

`
Province H
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998 census
11 Hafizabad 2,367 832,980
20 Mandi B’din 2,673 1,160,552
32 Sargodha 5,854 2,665,979
6 Chiniot 965,124
12 Jhang 8,809 2,834,545
16 Khushab 6,511 905,711
26,214 9,364,891

Province I
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998
8 Faisalabad 5,856 5,429,547
35 Toba Tek Singh 3,252 1,621,593
31 Sahiwal 3,201 1,843,194
26 Okara 4,377 2,232,992
16,686 11,127,326

Province J
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998
2 Bahawalnagar 8,878 2,061,447
3 Bahawalpur 24,830 2,433,091
27 Pakpattan 24,830 1,286,680
28 Rahim yar khan 11,880 3,141,053
36 Vehari 4,364 2,090,416
74,782 11,012,687

Province K
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998
15 Khanewal 4,349 2,068,490
19 Lodhran 2,778 1,171,800
22 Multan 3,720 3,116,851
23 Muzaffargarh 8,249 2,635,903
18 Layyah 6,291 1,120,951
7 D.G/ Khan 11,922 1,643,118
29 Rajanpur 12,319 1,103,618
49,628 12,860,731

Sindh Province is proposed to be divided into:

Province L
District Area
Sq Km. Population 1998
1. Karachi Central, 3,527 9,856,318
Karachi East,
Karachi South,
Karachi West,
Malir
Total: 3,527 9,856,318

Province M
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998
19 Ghotki
6,083 970,549
23 Sukkur (+Kashmoor)
7,757 1,570,835
21 Jacobabad
5,278 1,425,572
22 Matiari
1,417 515,331
20 Shikarpur
2,512 880,438
13 Khairpur
15,910 1,546,587
17 Larkana
7,423 1,927,066
16 West Larkana 0 0
14 Nawabshah
4,502 1,071,533
9 Qamber &Shahdad Kot

15 Dadu
19,070 1,688,811
Total: 69,952 11,596,722

Province N
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998
12 Sanghar
10,728 1,453,028
18 Naushahro Firoz
2,945 1,087,571
2 Jamshoro
6 Umerkot 663,100
7 Mirpurkhas
2,925 1,569,030
8 Tando Allahyar

11 Hyderabad
5,519 2,891,488
2 Jamshoro
5 Tharparkar
19,638 914,291
4 Badin
6,726 1,136,044
10 Tando Muhammad Khan
1,733 447,215
3 Thatta
17,355 1,113,194
Total: 67,569 11,274,961

Baluchistan Provinces proposed to be divided into:

Province: O
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998
26 Zhob
20,297 275,142
23 Qilla Saifullah
6,831 193,553
17 Musakhel
5,728 134,056
15 Loralai
9,830 295,555
27 Ziarat
1,489 33,340
21 Pishin
7,819 367,183
13 Kohlu
7,610 99,846
22 Qilla Abdullah
3,293 370,269
25 Sibi
7,796 180,398
5 Dera Bugti
10,160 181,310
24 Quetta
2,653 744,802
2 Barkhan
3,514 103,545
3 Bolan
7,499 288,056
16 Mastung
5,896 179,784
Total: 100,415 3,446,839

Province: P
District Area Sq Km. Population 1998
4 Chagai[6] 50,545 202,564
9 Kalat
6,622 237,834
11 Kharan
48,051 206,909
12 Khuzdar
35,380 417,466
8 Jhal Magsi
3,615 109,941
18 Naseerabad
3,387 245,894
7 Jafarabad
2,445 432,817
1 Awaran
29,510 118,173
6 Gwadar
12,637 185,498
20 Panjgur
16,891 234,051
14 Lasbela
15,153 312,695
10 Kech (Turbat)
22,539 413,204
Total: 246,775 3,117,046

Discussion

One thought on “Creation of new provinces in Pakistan

  1. From Recycled Thought on Punjab specifically.

    Posted by Jakob | August 8, 2011, 1:41 PM

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