I had been meaning to do a map series on the history of Pakistan from Mehgarh civilisation to current day through Indus Valley Civilisation, ancient Empires of Maurya , Kushan, Alexander the Great to Mughals and British. However, Ifound a series of maps (created using GeaCron) of current geographical extent of Pakistan in relation to the region with 100 years intervals. There is plenty that I feel need to be looked at but it does tell the story of Pakistan over the years in quite a detail. Maybe I will do the maps and accompanying animation one day. Until then, enjoy the Pakistan’s history over 2000 years.
Indus Valley civilisation flourishes on the banks of River Indus in current day Punjab and Sindh areas, as one of the earliest civilisations.
The Hephthalites in the North or “White Huns” are the ancestors of Pashtuns who have made their entry.
East-Indic Frontier takes shape as Kingdoms of Sindh, Multan (Punjab) and Kashmir rise. Further east, the Dragon roars.
A revolution has taken place in Arabia which will change South Asia forever. Umayyad Empire has toppled the Sassanids and now sits bordering the Three Indic Kingdoms.
Ummayads are gone Abbasids have taken their place. And they have crossed the Indus. Multan and Sindh are gone. Kashmir stands.
Abbasids disintegration begins. Persiano-Muslim world breaks off. Samanids arise who will start revival of Persian civilisation in Islamic hegemony. Multan and Sindh rise from the ashes. Turkish Khagnate of Karakhanids also appear. Fun times.
Another history-altering era. Ghaznavid Empire arises in Afghanistan and looks East of Indus. Qaramtiya sect of Sindh and Multan will soon become history. Abbasids lose all power. Persian and Turkish fortunes soar.
Wrath of Ghaznavids. Multan collapses, Qaramtiya Kings of Multan lose their crown and their lives. Ghaznavids venture now into Gangetic lands. Seljuqs rise up.
Ghaznavids collapse. Ghurids take their place. Muslim rule of India now starts taking its roots and shape. West Indic, East Indic (Sans Kashmir) and West Gangetic Kingdoms start collapsing.
Era of Sultanate of Delhi begins with Mamluks, while Mongols empire splinters into different Khagnates. Mamluks however managed to keep the Mongol hordes out of South Asia
Timurids rise up and start hammering east, north, south and west, while retaining their base of power in Persia and Central Asia.
Taimurids split into Principalities and Fiefdoms of different principalities. From one such Taimurid Principality, Ferghana, Babur would come.
Mughals have not firmly grasped South Asia and Afghanistan. 3 Gunpowder Empires on the rise, vying and also cooperating with each other.
The Mughal golden age. The Empire will only go downhill from this century onwards.
Old order collapses. Marathas, Abdalis & Pashtuns, British rise up as new players.
War of Independence fails. British take over South Asia. Kalat and Baluch states will remain outside South Asia until the Khan of Kalat himself requests the British to count him among one of Indian princelings.
Afghanistan loses big time. Cedes Areas west of Indus, restoring historical Indic lands back to the fold where Gandhara blossomed. Subcontinent takes its modern shape (More or less)
Status quo, British expansion in Mid-East, Russian in Central Asia, Iran and Afghanistan take their modern shape. Ottomans barely hold on.
The situation as a result of independence of South Asia, creation of two state, Indo-Pak wars with Kashmir split and Bangladesh free.